Wisdom teeth removal is one of the more common categories of tooth extraction.
Many dental professionals will recommend removing wisdom teeth (third molars) before they are fully developed usually in the adolescent years to help eliminate potential problems. One problem that could occur is development of an impacted tooth that has surfaced and has no room in the mouth to grow. Other problems associated with impacted teeth include infection, decay of adjacent teeth, bite interference and gum disease. Extractions of some permanent teeth that have not erupted such as the canines, which are also known as fangs or eyeteeth may be required in order to make space for orthodontic treatment.
Types of Tooth Extractions
There are two types of tooth extractions:
These are performed on teeth that are visible in the mouth. General dentists commonly do simple extractions, and most are usually done under a local anesthetic, with or without anti-anxiety medications or sedation.
These involve teeth that cannot easily be seen or reached in the mouth, either because they have broken off at the gum line or they have not fully erupted. Performed by dentists or oral surgeons,surgical extractions require some type of surgical procedure, such as bone removal, removing and/or lifting and folding back all or part of the gum tissue to expose the tooth, or breaking the tooth into pieces (called tooth sectioning). Surgical extractions can be done with local anesthesia and/or conscious sedation. Patients with special medical conditions and young children may receive general anesthesia.